Africa Today: Technology leads the Future of Healthcare on the Continent

Technology is shaping the way we experience healthcare. From electronic medical records and patient self-tracking to informatics and minimally invasive procedures, healthcare is getting more and more high-tech and nurses in Africa are at the forefront of using innovative solutions to improve patient care.

 

According to Professor Sharon Brownie, Dean of the School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa at the Aga Khan University, Uganda, their current curricula has been updated to include content about Information Technology and health informatics (acquiring, storing, retrieving and using of healthcare information to foster better collaboration among a patient’s various healthcare providers).

 

Professor Brownie, who will be sharing her insights at Africa Health, explains that the training that nurses receive nowadays includes: “How to work with electronic patient record and management systems including electronic patient booking systems; notification of lab results; health information messaging platforms; population health databases such as those for breast screening, vaccination, notifiable diseases; and, use of everyday platforms, like Whatsapp, for patient communication and patient education.”

 

The integration of technology within the sector has become a priority for most governments. In South Africa, for example, the Department of Health has created a policy document outlining an ‘eHealth Strategy’ focused on improving patient information and technology systems.

Medical professionals are also learning from other regions, where new technology has been implemented successfully. In the UAE, the implementation of a fully integrated electronic medical record (EMR) system has put the region firmly at the forefront of technological innovations, which save lives and prevent disease.

 

Implemented in all government health facilities in 2017, the EMR has cut patient waiting times and allows patients to consult with their doctors even when they are not in the same location.

Associate Professor Jane Leanne Griffiths, the Chief Nursing Information Officer at the Dubai Health Authority, explains that the implementation of EMR has assisted nursing staff in executing their daily functions.

 

Within the healthcare sector in general, ‘big data’ is the buzzword when it comes to analytics. It allows healthcare workers to identify important health trends and make decisions based on these findings.

 

Prof. Griffiths says these analysis techniques are used to identify potentially infectious diseases by examining outbreaks in other parts of the world. These findings are then used to identify potential cases in their own patients, aiding early detection.

“One of the key positive spin-offs of implementing an EMR is the big data and analytics that can be used to make ongoing strategic health decisions. This potential for this data to be used as a platform to leverage other technologies such as home care, artificial intelligence and blockchain is almost unlimited,” says Professor Griffiths.

 

Professor Brownie pointed that “Big data also plays a key role in nursing education. She says informatics skills are being taught in light of the importance of big data and analytics, which in the nursing context is mainly focused on epidemiology, statistics and population health research.”

 

“Educators need to be active in continuous review and update of curricula and all teaching learning materials to ensure they are contemporary and forward thinking on technological matters”; she said as she stressed the importance for educators to stay current and to keep up with trends.

 

Both Professors will be sharing their experiences at the Nursing Conference that will take place at the Africa Health Exhibition & Congress,  from the 29th -31st of May, 2018, at the Gallagher Convention Centre in Midrand, South Africa..

 

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