A former French colony ,Central African republic since 2013 have fallen into political crisis after President Francois Bozize was overthrown by a muslim rebel group called seleka, who were also overthrown.
Seleka abuses against the Christian population led to the emergence of self-defence groups – the Anti-Balaka – which embarked on their own campaign of violence.
Muslims were shunned, forced to flee into enclaves and displaced camps or into neighbouring countries.
Amnesty International have warned of “a Muslim exodus of historic proportions”.
In June 2016, President Faustin-Archange Touadera was voted in.
Though a semblance of security has returned to the capital Bangui, the countryside remains under the control of armed groups while UN peacekeepers battle to protect civilians caught between.
At least half of the country’s population currently depends on humanitarian aid.
Since January 2017, the number of displaced people has grown from 400,000 to 800,000 according to the country’s committee for international NGO coordination.
Humanitarian organizations have struggled to cope amid the spread of violence. During the first half of 2017, NGO workers suffered more than 200 attacks.
“UN Security Council should ensure that [the UN peacekeeping mission] has all the resources required to stem rising violence across the country,” said Mudge of HRW.